The Yoga of the Bhagavad gita and the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali
Meetings on Yoga Philosophy
Teachers: Munindra and Krishna Kanta every Friday from 8:00 PM to 9:15 PM. The meetings are open to all.
Among the various sacred texts from the Indo-Vedic tradition, the Srimad Bhagavad-gita holds a special place.
The Bhagavad-gita is a poem for humanity; its transcendent message is today appreciated by millions of people around the world. The message of the Gita transcends sectarianism, it is a universal message.
The Bhagavad-gita is important to everyone because it answers the deepest questions of life. It does not matter to which nationality one belongs, or to what social class, whether is man or woman, young or old; everyone wants to know: Who am I? What is the purpose of life? How can I be really happy? What happens at the time of death?
In the Bhagavad-gita Sri Krishna provides the answers to all these questions.
Swami Bhakti Sundar Govinda Maharaj explains:
“Everything about Yoga and the spiritual life is concisely explained in the Srimad Bhagavad-gita, where Krishna takes the role of Jagad-Guru to give transcendental knowledge to the world”.
In the beginning of the Bhagavad-gita Arjuna surrenders his heart to Krishna. He so prays: “My Lord, I now surrender completely unto You. I do not know and I cannot understand what is right and what is wrong for me. I pray you, reveal the transcendental knowledge to my heart”.
Krishna becomes Arjuna’s Guru and enlightens him with transcendental knowledge in a thorough and clear way.
In the 700 verses forming the Srimad Bhagavad Gita every thing is explained; all kind of knowledge and all types of Yoga are described by Krishna himself, in His form of Jagad-Guru (Master of the Universe).
These sacred scriptures contain the instructions that Krishna lovingly gives to His dearest friend Arjuna. But in reality Arjuna is Krishna’s means to deliver to the world the essence of Yoga and of transcendental knowledge.
Krishna enunciate the Bhagavad-gita to the benefit of the conditioned souls of this world. Today we can see how this text has become well-known everywhere.
In the first parts of the Bhagavad-gita Krishna explains that Yoga is a practice to progress in life, to build a sympathetic and harmonious relationship with nature. Krishna starts His explanation of Yoga recommending that everyone should avoid egoistic action and instead engage in the yoga of the unselfish action. Krishna says:
“You are an eternal soul. You have inherent capability of thought, feel and desire and you cannot avoid these aspects of your existence. If you will use your capabilities to exploit material nature you will not be satisfied; you will become a greedy person inevitably destined to suffer in the material existence. By nature you always have to act, so act positively, otherwise you will always harm yourself and others”.
Krishna explains that the Karma Yogi has to perform the prescribed duties, but does not have the right to enjoy the benefits of such actions. The Karma Yogi should not perform the prescribed duties with the intention to gain something in return, but at the same time should also not renounce to action. One’s actions should rather be inspired by the desire to be in harmony with the universe and its Supreme Controller.
Anyone who reads the Bhagavad-gita and seek to follow the recommendations and instructions of the Lord Sri Krishna, as if Krishna was their Guru, will most certainly be gratified. Krishna will always be merciful whit those, and all obstacles will be removed from their spiritual life.
In the Bhagavad-gita Krishna explains the way to spiritual development. Krishna describes how the conditioned souls can advance in yoga and how their practice can progress from Karma Yoga to Jnana Yoga, then to Dhyana Yoga to finally reach the practice of Bhakti Yoga. The essence of all scriptures is found in the Bhagavad-gita and everything that is essential for the spiritual development of all conditioned souls is explained in it.
But what is it that a Bhakti Yogi actually do? How does he engage in the service for the Lord? To think, feel and desire are natural expressions of the soul, a Bhakti Yogi simply devotes them to serve Krishna.
yat karosi yad asnasi yaj juhosi dadasi yat
yat tapasyasi kaunteya tat kurusva mad-arpanam
(Srimad Bhagavad gita: 9.27)
Krishna lovingly recommends how to practice Bhakti Yoga: “Whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer in sacrifice, whatever you give to charity, whatever vow you make: do it as an offer to Me. This is your eternal dharma and your natural religion”.
Bhakti Yoga is the ideal practice for all the souls. When our practice reaches that stage, we will be completely fulfilled.
When everything we do will be for the service and satisfaction of Krishna, then we will reach the plane of spiritual existence, we will live in the transcendental world of service and we will not be trapped in Karma any more.
The position of the Srimad Bhagavad-gita is here explained in poetic form:
sarvopanisado gavo dogdha gopala-nandanah
partho vatsah sudhir bhokta dugdhah gitamrtam mahat
(Sri Gita-mahatyma: 6)
“The Gitopanisad, Srimad Bhagavad gita, which contains the essence of all the Upanishads and of all the Vedas, is very much like a cow and the Lord Krishna, who is very well-known for His pastime as a cowerd boy, milks this cow. Arjuna is like a calf, asking one question after another to draw all the milk from the cow, and all those who are Sudhir, that is to say all those who really aspire to the Conscience of Krishna, drink the milk from this cow, and that is the nectar of the Srimad Bhagavad-gita”.
“Through His teachings to Arjuna, Bhagavan Sri Krishna mercifully laid His godly eyes upon all of us. He distributed the essence of the Vedas and of all the other scriptures for the spiritual development of everybody”.
In our meetings we discuss on the themes contained in the Bhagavad-gita (Karma, reincarnation or the transmigration of the soul, the nature of the soul, the practice and the objectives of Yoga, etc.)
All your sincere questions are most welcome.
WATCH THIS VIDEO INTRODUCING BHAGAVAD GITA